Sjßvar˙tvegur - the fisheries
Grunnreglan Ý ESB er s˙ a­ fiskiskip a­ildarrÝkjanna eiga a­gang a­ sameiginlegri l÷gs÷gu utan tˇlf mÝlnanna, og fiskistofnarnir tilheyra ekki strandrÝkjunum heldur teljast sameign ESB. Vi­ a­ild ═slands fengi ESB ˙rslitavald um tilh÷gun vei­a vi­ ═slandsstrendur milli 12 og 200 mÝlna, svo og um allar ˙thafsvei­ar ═slendinga.

┌r ■vÝ ESB-rÝkin hafa enga vei­ireynslu
hÚr fß ■au ■ß nokkrar aflaheimildir?

Algengt er a­ reynt sÚ a­ telja fˇlki tr˙ um a­ unnt sÚ a­ semja um ■a­ vi­ ESB a­ ═slendingar fßi undan■ßgur frß reglum ESB um sjßvar˙tveg og geti ■vÝ ßfram seti­ einir a­ ÷llum vei­um vi­ ═sland. Sagt er a­ rß­herrarß­ ESB sem ˙thlutar vei­iheimildum myndi afhenda ═slendingum allan vei­ikvˇtann vi­ ═slandsstrendur. ESB-■jˇ­ir hafi enga "vei­ireynslu" ß ═slandsmi­um og fengju ■vÝ engar aflaheimildir vi­ ═sland. ┴ ■etta geti ═slendingar treyst.
  Menn vir­ast gleyma ■vÝ a­ ßhrifamestu a­ildarrÝki ESB eru einmitt s÷mu rÝkin og stundu­u hÚr vei­ar ÷ldum saman, m.a. Bretar, Ůjˇ­verjar, Belgar, Hollendingar og Spßnverjar,  jafnvel upp Ý landsteina allan fyrri hluta aldarinnar. Sum ■eirra hurfu ekki af mi­unum fyrr en 1976 eftir ■rj˙  ■orskastrÝ­. 

Vei­in ˙r deilistofnum er 30% af ver­mŠti aflans
Ver­mŠti ˙thafsafla ˙r fiskistofnum eins og lo­nu, sÝld, kolmunna, karfa og grßl˙­u sem einnig vei­ast utan Ýslenskrar l÷gs÷gu eru r˙m 30 % af ˙tflutningsver­mŠti sjßvarafur­a og skilu­u um 37 millj÷r­um krˇna ßri­ 2001. Vi­ a­ild fengi ESB rÚtt til a­ semja fyrir h÷nd ═slendinga um ■essar vei­ar og myndi skammta Ýslenskum ˙tger­um kvˇtum ˙r ■essum fiskistofnum. Vi­ h÷fum afar slŠma reynslu af samskiptum okkar vi­ ESB ß ■essu svi­i, sbr. ˇsvÝfni ESB gagnvart ═slendingum var­andi kolmunnavei­ar.

Kvˇtahoppi­ felur einnig mikla hŠttu Ý sÚr
Auk ■ess er helsta a­fer­ Spßnverja til a­ komast yfir vei­ikvˇta annarra rÝkja ekki kvˇta˙thlutun heldur kvˇtahoppi­, ■.e. kaup ß skipum Ý ÷­rum rÝkjum. Skipi­ er ■ß skrß­ Ý landi fyrri eigenda en afla landa­ Ý heimalandi nřrra eigenda. Ůegar eru um 20% breskra fiskiskipa Ý eigu Spßnverja og Hollendinga. Bretar hafa ßkaft reynt a­ hindra a­ kvˇti ■eirra hoppi ■annig ˙r landi - ßn ßrangurs.

Since the EU states have no fishing history here
would they be allocated quota?
The principle within the EU is that the fishing vessels of all member states have equal access to common fishing grounds outside the twelve-mile zone, and that fishing stocks do not belong to coastal states, but are regarded as common to the EU. If Iceland were a member of the EU, the EU would have the deciding voice in the management of the fisheries off Iceland's coast, between the 12-mile and 200-mile lines. Attempts are often made to convince the Icelandic public that it will be possible to negotiate exemptions from the common fisheries policy for Iceland, which will retain exclusive rights to the fishing grounds off Iceland. The argument is that the EU nations have no recognised fishing history on Icelandic fishing grounds, and hence would be allocated no quota in Icelandic waters. The EU Council of Ministers, which allocates fishing quotas to member states, would thus allocate the entire quota to Iceland.
What appears to have been forgotten here is that the most influential of the EU member states are precisely the same nations that fished in Icelandic waters for centuries, i.e. Britain, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Spain. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, their fishing vessels ventured right up to Iceland's coast in search of catches. Some of them did not leave the fishing grounds until 1976, after three "Cod Wars." These nations will have a crucial influence upon the interpretation of  "fishing history" in Icelandic waters.
The Spaniards' principal method of gaining access to other nations' fishing quota is not by allocation of quota but by quota "hopping," i.e. by purchasing fishing vessels in other countries. The ship is registered in the original country, but the catch is landed in the country of the new owner. Already about 20% of British fishing vessels are Spanish- or Dutch-owned. The British have made tireless efforts to prevent their quota "hopping" out of the country in this manner - but without success.

Gengi krˇnunnar

Danir og
Nor­menn

S÷guleg
vei­ireynsla

┌r řmsum ßttum

Stjˇrnarskrß ESB

Marklaus kosning

Fjßrkr÷fur ESB

HvÝ s÷g­u SvÝar nei?

ESB og EES
The EU and EEA